SOCIOLOGY Some societies have witnessed numerous scientific discoveries and inventions during specific periods in history. One such example is during the

SOCIOLOGY

Some societies have witnessed numerous scientific discoveries and inventions during specific periods in history. One such example is during the European Renaissance. What were the prevailing social and intellectual conditions during the Renaissance? Do you think social and intellectual conditions had a role to play in producing the vast number of scientific discoveries during that time?​

From the article “Time Travel Is A Fun Science Fiction Story But Could It Be Real?”, Albert Einstein’s Theory of

From the article “Time Travel Is A Fun Science Fiction Story But Could It Be Real?”, Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity is described as what?

options:
The pulling force of gravity causes space to curve and causes time to slow down.
Everything is relative to where you are on only Earth.
Space and time are different things
Einstein never thought of the Theory of Relativity

1. Toys Dolls Us is a toy manufacturer from Goldtown, Richland, with production facilities in Richland, Newland and Farawayland. Dolls Us

1. Toys

Dolls Us is a toy manufacturer from Goldtown, Richland, with production facilities in Richland, Newland and Farawayland. Dolls Us produces a wide range of toys but is best known for a doll named Carlie. In view of Carlie’s success in the United States, Dolls Us wants to explore the possibility of marketing Carlie in the United Kingdom. Carlie is a Barbie-like doll with a plastic body, artificial hair and three sets of clothes. The plastic body parts are produced in Newland. The hair and the clothes are produced in Farawayland. Carlie is only assembled and packaged in Richland. It is expected to sell at £10 per doll in the United Kingdom.
The UK’s Customs Service has informed Dolls Us that the customs duty on Carlie will amount to 15 per cent ad valorem and that the value will be determined on the basis of the sales price on the domestic market in Richland. Dolls Us challenges both the level of the duty and the manner in which the Customs Service intends to determine the value of the dolls for customs purposes. It also disagrees with the Customs Service that the country of origin of Carlie is Richland and not Newland. Furthermore, Dolls Us considers that Carlie is not really a toy but rather a collector’s item. Finally, it wonders whether, for the customs classification of Carlie, it makes a difference whether Carlie is imported as a finished product or in parts still to be assembled.
The UK Customs Service also informs Dolls Us that all imported dolls are subject to an import surcharge of £0.30 per doll as well as a special customs- handling fee of 0.2 per cent ad valorem. This fee goes to the Customs Service’s Fund for Disfavoured Children.
To boost its sales of Carlie in the United Kingdom, Dolls Us plans to send buyers of this doll, upon their request, short movies on the wondrous adventures of Carlie. These movies are sent from Richland by e-mail. Dolls Us is concerned about the rumour that the European Commission is considering the introduction of a customs duty on movies imported into the European Union via the Internet.
The Government of Newland, eager to promote the development of its toy industry, has announced that they will introduce an export duty of 10 per cent ad valorem on plastic body parts of dolls. Dolls Us is ‘disappointed’ by the information received from the UK’s Customs Service, and concerned about the rumours on the ‘movies duty’ as well as about Newland’s planned introduction of an export duty. It has asked its law firm, Gandhi, Bhatia & Ganesan, an Indian law firm with offices in London, for legal advice on the WTO-consistency of the various measures referred to above. You are a junior lawyer working at Gandhi, Bhatia & Ganesan and you have been tasked with preparing a note on the legal advice sought by Dolls Us. The senior partner of the law firm has warned you not to forget to check the EU’s Goods Schedule as well as the EU’s Common Customs Tariff.

Project: Peer Pressure This assignment is about understanding moral dilemmas and finding solutions to peer pressure. It consists of a series

Project: Peer Pressure

This assignment is about understanding moral dilemmas and finding solutions to peer pressure. It consists of a series of scenarios in which someone is subjected to peer pressure and must make a moral choice. Your assignment is to answer the following five questions regarding each of the five scenarios. Your answers to each of the questions should be at least one paragraph.
Scenario One: Mario, a high school freshman, is at a school football game on a Friday night with his friends Jay and Tim. Jay shows Mario and Tim a flask filled with whiskey he took from his parents’ liquor cabinet. Jay and Tim each take a swig and pass the bottle to Mario, who knows he should not drink and has promised his parents he would not until he was twenty-one. When he declines, Jay and Tim laugh and say that Mario must be a “wuss.”
What should Mario do?
If he does what you say he should do, what will the consequences be?
What are the consequences that he avoided by making that choice?
Why do you think Jay and Tim are pressuring Mario to do something they know is wrong?
If Mario caves into peer pressure and drinks, breaking the promise to his parents and doing something he knows is wrong, how do you think that choice will affect his identity?
Scenario Two: Brittany, a high school sophomore, is with her friends Priya and Leah in the local dollar store. Priya and Leah are shoplifting small things like lip gloss and eyeshadow. Brittany has never stolen anything before and does not want to start. Just as she is about to point out that the store has security, and they will likely get caught, Leah stuffs a mascara in Brittany’s pocket just as a security guard puts a hand on her shoulder.
What should Brittany do?
If she does what you say she should do, what will the consequences be?
What are the consequences she avoided by making that choice?
Is it ever right to rat on one’s friends?
If Priya and Leah tell the security guard the truth, how will that affect their identities?
Scenario Three: Nick, a high school junior, has a secret crush on a classmate. His friend Tyler knows who it is and is dying to tell someone, but Nick has sworn him to secrecy.
What should Tyler do?
If he does what you say he should do, what will likely happen?
What are the consequences he avoided by making that choice?
Is it ever right to tell a secret?
If someone shared one of your secrets with someone, how would you feel?
Scenario Four: Sara and Sasha, high school freshmen, have been best friends since first grade. Sara did not study for today’s Spanish test, and now she is freaking out. She asks Sasha if she can copy the answers from Sasha’s test.
What should Sasha do?
If she does what you say she should do, what will likely happen?
What are the consequences she avoided by making that choice?
Is it ever right to cheat? To let someone cheat from your paper?
Have you ever cheated? If yes or no, explain how that has affected the way you think about yourself.
Scenario Five: You and your friends Tyrel and Max played a prank on someone at school, but only Tyrel and Max got caught. Now they have to serve detention for the rest of the school year.
What should you do?
If you do that, what are the likely consequences?
What are the consequences you would avoid by making that choice?
Is honesty always the best policy?
How do you think you would feel about yourself if you followed your own recommendations?
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Long Text (essay)
Submit your solutions to the five peer pressure scenarios.
Your response must include answers to the five questions for each of the five scenarios.